Parasha 19: T’rumah (Contributions/Elevation Offerings) Shemot/Exodus 25:1 – 27:19

*All Scripture References from The Orthodox Jewish Bible- Referred To As OJB- unless otherwise noted

Joe Snipes (Torah Teacher) Gates To Zion Ministries

In this parasha we see that YHWH is bringing Yisrael to another phase in His redemptive and eternal purposes. They have been delivered from the bondage of Mitzrayim/Egypt. YHWH brought them out with His mighty stretched out arm and showed His glory by completely spoiling all of the Mitzri army in the Red Sea. Next, He brought Yisrael to Har Sinai, where He gave them His betrothal through the Torah, the Ketubah or Wedding Covenant. Yisrael accepted YHWH’s offer, and now this people who once were teetering close to the edge of complete judgment, have been prepared to become YHWH’s holy nation. Yisrael has seen YHWH in many ways up until this time, but now they are about to experience Him in a dimension beyond their wildest dreams. He commanded Moshe, while on the mountain to build a Mishkan/Tabernacle where He may dwell among Am Yisrael! It is this desire by YHWH to dwell among His people that I wish to focus on in this study.

The Willingness To Give Brings Elevation To What Is Given

First let’s look at the words that YHWH instructed Moshe to do regarding obtaining the needed materials for the Mishkan/tabernacle.

“And Hashem [YHWH] spoke unto Moshe, saying,Speak unto the Bnei Yisroel [Sons of Yisrael], that they bring Me a terumah [elevation]/(offering); of every man that giveth it willingly with his lev [heart] ye shall receive My terumah [elevation]/(offering).” (Shemot/Exodus 25:1-2 OJB- definitions mine)

The instructions were for Moshe to speak to the sons of Yisrael about giving the needed materials for the Mishkan. The word for these offerings in Hebrew is terumah. It means, an offering that is lifted up above the shoulders. In other words an elevation offering. This is seen even more clearly by the root word from which terumah comes. It is rum [r-o-o-m], meaning to rise or raise, give, bring up, heave up, lift up or set up on high. The other distinction is that those who give must do so willingly with their heart. In other words, this offering was to be motivated not by coercion, but by the free will of those who come.

Let us ask ourselves for a moment, Just where did Yisrael get these offerings in the first place? Yisrael was commanded to go to the Mitzri and ask for the gold and silver jewels, and the clothing materials. YHWH gave them favor with Mitzrayim and they literally plundered them and Yisrael left wealthy and prosperous that Pesach night.

“And the Bnei Yisroel [Sons of Yisrael] did according to the devar [word] Moshe; they requested of the Egyptians k’lei kesef [jewels of silver], and k’lei zahav [jewels of gold], and garments;And Hashem [YHWH] gave the people favor in the sight of the Mitzrayim [Egyptians], so that they granted their request. So they plundered the Egyptians.” (Shemot/Exodus 12:35-36 OJB- definitions mine)

So now each Yisraelite was going to have the opportunity to show their love for all that YHWH had done for them by giving back to Him a portion, in whatever amount they chose. YHWH wasn’t asking for it all. He was not towering over them and demanding that they give Him anything. It was to be completely as each Yisraelite purposed in his own heart. Now here’s the thing, what exactly were these jewels of gold and silver and the garments Yisrael now possessed? While they might be esteemed by men to be precious and envied to possess, what were they in comparison with eternity? YHWH was giving Yisrael the opportunity to literally elevate these things out of the realm of human estimation. They would become a part of YHWH’s heavenly economy. This gold, silver, and clothing material could be stolen or lost in this natural realm. Many times possessions become a source of fear, which produces torment in the hearts of those who have them. (1 Yochanon/John 4:18) Our blessed Master Yeshua taught us,

“Do not store up for yourselves otzarot (treasures) on haaretz [earth], where moth andrust destroy and where ganavim (thieves) break in and steal.But zamlet (collect) for yourselves otzarot (treasures) in Shomayim [the heavens], where neither moth nor rust destroys, neither do ganavim [thieves] break in and steal.For where your otzar (treasure) is, there also will be your lev (heart).” (Mattityahu/Matthew 6:19-21 OJB- definitions mine)

There are many levels of giving. We don’t have the space here to look in depth at them. Whether it be the tithe, alms to the poor, the widow or the orphan, or any type of free will offering, the one thing that YHWH is looking at is not the amount, but the heart. This is the target of the Torah. What is our motive? What’s behind what we do? The Torah cuts through all the façade of the flesh. It cuts to the heart, to the root. YHWH here is giving Yisrael the privilege of engaging with Him in taking something of the earth and literally elevating it to eternal dimensions. What they give is going to provide a place where YHWH may dwell among His people. This dwelling would forever set apart Yisrael from all other people and their false elohim/mighty ones. The glory of YHWH would be manifest to and in Yisrael. This indwelling would be the testimony that all the inhabitants of the earth would see and confess. Yisrael’s Elohim dwells among them!

“There is a nahar (river), the streams whereof shall make glad the Ir [City of-Jerusalem] Elohim [The ONLY true Mighty One], the Kedosh Mishkenei Elyon (the holy dwelling of the Most High).Elohim [The ONLY true Mighty One] is in the midst of it [i.e., the Ir Elohim [City of the Mighty One- Yerushalayim/Jerusalem]; it shall not be moved; Elohim [The Mighty One] shall help it at early boker [morning].” (Tehillim/Psalms 46:5-6 OJB- definitions mine)

What Caused YHWH To Manifest His Presence In And Through The Mishkan?

“And let them make Me a Mikdash ]Sanctuary]; that I may dwell among them.According to all that I show thee, after the tavnit HaMishkan (pattern of theTabernacle), and the tavnit [pattern] of all the vessels thereof, even so shall ye make it.” (Shemot/Exodus 25:8-9 OJB- definitions mine)

Now we come to the most interesting part in this historical/Scriptural record of Yisrael’s relationship with YHWH. Moshe is instructed to have Am Yisrael to construct a tabernacle for His manifest presence. Why? Our blessed YHWH says that I may dwell among them! Can you see the heart of our Abba YHWH? He has never wanted to be far away from His people. Even in the opening moments after Adam’s creation we find Him coming to walk with him in the cool of the evening.

“And they heard the kol [voice] of Hashem Elohim [YHWH THE Mighty One] walking in the gan [garden] in the cool [ruach- wind; spirit] of the day…” (B’resheet/Genesis 3:8a OJB- definitions mine)

This is something that YHWH apparently did on a regular basis with Adam. He wanted to be close to him. In fact, He has always desired to be close to His people. It is sin that destroyed that intimacy. It is then that YHWH undertook the way to restore that intimacy we know as the plan of redemption. Just as a side note, I included the definition of the word most translations of the Scriptures have as cool by its Hebrew word…ruach. How did Adam know when YHWH came into the garden to walk with him? We are told it was literally the voice of YHWH that Adam heard. Of course that voice, was YHWH’s Word, which we know today is our blessed Master Yeshua. (Yochanon/John 1:1) The sound of YHWH’s voice was manifest as a wind blowing through the garden. When Adam heard that wind, which undoubtedly gave a distinct pitch or sound as it manifested, he knew his Creator had come to be with him.

However, there is something more than Abba YHWH wanting to be with us as His people. There is something that draws Him to us. The answer is found deep within the three areas that comprise our being.  Our body is our tabernacle. Our spirit the dwelling place of YHWH’s Ruach HaKodesh/Holy Spirit. In this third most inner {or first if you view it from YHWH’s perspective} portion was what is known as the Most Holy Place. Let’s see what was within this area.

“And they shall make an Aron (Ark) of acacia wood…” (Shemot/Exodus 25:10 OJB) And thou shalt put into the Aron [Ark] the Edut (Testimony [of Tablets]) which I shall give thee.” (Shemot/Exodus 25:16- definitions mine)

Did you get that? What was inside the Aron/Ark? It was the Tablets upon which YHWH had written the Asarat HaDibrot/Ten Words. It was His Torah! Up until the mattan Torah/giving of the Torah at Har Sinai, the Torah [YHWH’s Word] was with Him. Now, He was placing His Word in written form into the Aron/Ark which was in the Most Holy Place within the Mishkan. You must get the import of this. It is the Torah that causes YHWH to come and dwell among His people! He places the Torah among Yisrael, and as Yisrael shomer/guards, diligently listens to and does what YHWH instructs them loving Him alone with all their heart, soul and strength; then He will dwell among them. He promised to be an adversary to their adversaries, and an enemy to their enemies. YHWH will manifest Himself among Yisrael so all the nations know that their Mighty One dwells among them.

Before we make a more distinct point about what this means, let’s first look at a familiar passage in Divrei HaYamin/Bais/11 Chronicles. The setting is when Sh’lomo/Solomon has finished the Temple and is ready for the dedication. In most instances what is emphasized is verses 11-14 of chapter 5. This is where the kohanim/priests and the Levites were all gathered praising in song and musical instruments. The kohanim/priests were sounding the shofars. The one point that is usually emphasized, and rightly so, is that all that was done was in complete unity. There was one sound as the kohanim and the Levites worshipped before YHWH. Then, the mighty presence of YHWH manifested in their midst, and the effect was so overwhelming that no one could stand in the Temple!

Now I will shout with everyone at the picture of YHWH’s Sh’kinyah/Manifest Presence being poured out here. But was it was not merely the unity of the praiser’s that caused YHWH to show up and out in such a mighty demonstration of His presence? That’s what most preachers and teachers have taught. Yet, in light of what we have learned in this Torah portion was it that unity alone, or was it something else that set the stage? Let us digress in this chapter to the first ten verses and see if we can answer that question.

Thus all the melachah (work) that Sh’lomo [Solomon] made for the Beis Hashem [House/Temple of YHWH] was completed; and Sh’lomo [Solomon] brought in all the things that Dovid Aviv [David his father] had dedicated as kodesh [holy]; and the kesef [silver], and the zahav [gold], and all the articles, he put among the otzerot [treasures] of the Bais HaElohim [House/Temple of THE Mighty One- YHWH].

Then Sh’lomo [Solomon] gathered unto Yerushalayim [Jerusalem] the Ziknei Yisroel [Leaders of Yisrael], and kol Rashei HaMattot (all the Heads of the Tribes), the Nesi’ei HaAvot (Fathers/Family Chiefs) of the Bnei Yisroel [Sons of Yisrael], to bring up the Aron Brit Hashem [Ark of the Covenant of YHWH] out of Ir Dovid [The City of David], which is Tziyon [Zion].

Kol Ish Yisroel [All of the Men of Yisrael] assembled themselves unto the Melech [King] in the Chag (Feast, i.e., Sukkot) which was in the seventh month [Tishri].

And all the Ziknei Yisroel [Leaders of Yisrael] came; and the Levi’im [Levites] took up the Aron [Ark].

And they brought up the Aron [Ark], and the Ohel Mo’ed [Tent of Meeting] and kol Klei HaKodesh (all the Holy Articles) that were in the Ohel [Tent], these did the Kohanim [Priests] and the Levi’im [Levites] bring up.

Also HaMelech Sh’lomo [King Solomon], and Kol Adat Yisroel [All The Congregation of Yisrael] that were assembled unto him before the Aron [Ark], sacrificed tzon [sheep] and bakar [oxen], which could not be told nor numbered for multitude.

And the Kohanim [Priests] brought in the Aron Brit Hashem [Ark of the Covenant of YHWH] unto its makom (place), to the Devir HaBeis [Word/Oracle of The House], into the Kodesh HaKadoshim [Holy of The Holies], even under the wings of the Keruvim [Cherubs];

For the Keruvim [Cherubs] spread forth their wings over the place of the Aron [Ark], and the Keruvim [Cherubs] covered over the Aron [Ark] and the carrying poles thereof.

And they drew out the poles of the Aron [Ark], that the ends of the poles were seen from the Aron [Ark] before the Devar [Word/Oracle]; but they were not seen from the outside. And there it is unto this day.

There was nothing in the Aron [Ark] except the two Luchot [Tablets] which Moshe put therein at Chorev [Horeb], when Hashem [YHWH] made a Brit [Covenant] with the Bnei Yisroel [Sons of Yisrael], when they came out of Mitzrayim. [Egypt]” (Divrei HaYamim Bais/11 Chronicles 5:1-10 OJB- emphasis/definitions mine)

 Look at what Sh’lomo/Solomon did. He assembled all of the Leaders of Yisrael, along with the kohanim/priests and Levi’im. Then, he had the Levi’im bring in the Ark of the Covenant, which had been in his father David’s Tabernacle on Mount Zion. The Levi’im carried the Ark of the Covenant on their shoulders by the poles and took it into the inner most chamber of the Temple, the place called the Holy of Holies. Then we are told that inside this Ark of the Covenant were the two Stone Tablets, the Torah. It was when the Torah was set in its proper place that the kavod/glory of YHWH came! Yes, the unity of the kohanim and the Levi’im in worship was an intricate part of the manifestation of YHWH’s Sh’kinyah, but IT WAS THE TORAH THAT DREW YHWH THERE!

Man As The Mishkan Of YHWH

While the Torah gives us a picture of many things through the Mishkan, it does give us a schematic outline of man’s three dimensional make-up. In our parasha did you notice where YHWH started in regards to the instruction He was giving to Moshe? He started in the inner most chamber, in the Most Holy Place. From there He began to work outward through the second chamber, the Holy Place, and finally to the outer court. In his letter to the Thessalonians, Rav Sha’ul gives us a very clear picture of how man himself was constructed by YHWH

. “And now Elohei HaShalom [The Mighty One of Peace] wholly set you apart as Kadoshim [Holy Ones] and may your whole ruach [spirit] and nefesh [soul] and basar [body] be preserved without blame at the Bi’as [Arrival/Coming of] HaMoshiach Adoneinu Yehoshua. [The Messiah Our Master Yeshua]” (1 Thessalonians 5:23 OJB- definitions mine)

Rav Sha’ul prays for these believers in Thessalonica that YHWH would sanctify, set them apart, on three different levels: spirit, soul, and body. Again, each of these dimensions answer to the three chambers of the Mishkan/Tabernacle. It is the spirit of man that YHWH begins to work in first. Just as He began to reveal the inner most chamber of the Mishkan first. It is man’s spirit that is affected first when he receives redemption. Out from here, the indwelling Ruach HaKodesh/Holy Spirit begins to work to bring the spirit of holiness into man’s soul and body. Again, we don’t have time to go in depth into that process of sanctification except to make the following observation. First, as we have said the human spirit answers to the Most Holy Place of the Mishkan. The soul answers to the middle chamber, the Holy Place. The human body answers to the outer court. Each area of man’s being needs to experience YHWH’s redemptive power. It is through the Torah that YHWH’s holiness is revealed and applied by the Ruach HaKodesh. It is through the Torah that we learn how to discern the holy from the profane, the clean from the unclean, and what brings life and what brings death. The error of the church of Christendom is that in disregarding YHWH’s Torah and discarding it as unwanted and unnecessary for the so-called New Testament believers, it has unwittingly thrown away the pattern for perfecting holiness. This is of no small matter. Listen to the writer of the book of Ivrim/Hebrews,

“Pursue shalom [peace] with kol Bnei Adam [all the Sons of Men], and the kedushah [holiness] WITHOUT WHICH NO ONE WILL SEE YHWH.” (Ivrim/Hebrews 12:14 OJB- emphasis/definitions mine)

The Torah is what the Ruach HaKodesh will use to keep YHWH’s people primed by the spirit of holiness, which in turn brings His presence to the inner most recesses of a believer’s being. Rav Sha’ul goes on to tell us that now, through YHWH’s Messianic Scriptures, the Temple of YHWH is the believer’s physical body.

“Do you not have da’as that you are a Heikhal Hashem [an extension of the Temple of YHWH not standing presently] and the Ruach Hakodesh [Holy Spirit] of Hashem [YHWH] dwells in you?” (1 Corinthians 3:16 OJB- definitions mine)

“Or have you no da’as that your body is a Heikhal Hashem [an extension of the Temple of YHWH not standing presently] of the Ruach Hakodesh [Holy Spirit] in you, whom you have from Hashem [YHWH], and you are not your own?”(1 Corinthians 6:19 OJB- definitions mine)

So we find here that YHWH indwells each believing Yisraelite by His Ruach. Now let us look at another verse that speaks to us of YHWH’s desire to dwell in the midst of each believing Yisraelite, thus making him a little extension of the Mishkan or Heikhal/Temple of YHWH. You will notice that Rav Sha’ul is also quoting some things that each Yisraelite must do if he wants to enjoy a continuous abiding presence within his spirit.

“Do not become unequally yoked with koferim (unbelievers) for what shuttafut (partnership) has Tzedek [righteousness] with Lawlessness [lit. Torahlessness/iniquity]? Or where is the Brit (Covenant) between Ohr (light) and Choshech (darkness)?

And what harmony does Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach [Master, King The Messiah] have with B’liya’al [Wickedness]? Or what chelek (allotment, inheritance) has a ma’amin [believer] with an Apikoros [Unbeliever]?

And what agreement has the Heikhal of Hashem [Temple of YHWH]  with elilim [idols]? For we are a Heikhal of the Elohim Chayyim [an extension of the Temple of the Mighty One Who Lives] as G-d said, “V’HITHALLACHTI B’TOCHCHEM (“And I will walk in the midst of you” I WILL BE MISHKANI ALEHEM (“dwelling place of me with them” V’HAYU LI L’AM VAANI EHEYEH LAHEM L’ELOHIM (“And they will be to me as people and I will be to them as Elohim. [The Mighty One])”

Therefore, SURU (Depart!), come out from the midst of them and be separated, says Adoneinu [Your Master], and a TAMEH AL TIGAU “unclean thing do not touch;” ERTZEH ETCHEM “and I will receive you”,

 And I will be to you an AV [Father] and you will be to me BANIM [Sons] and BANOT (“my daughters” says Adonoi Tzva’ot [YHWH of Hosts].

Therefore, having these havtachot (promises), Chaverim [Friends], let us submit to his tahorah [cleansing], cleansing ourselves from every defilement of basar and ruach [flesh and spirit], perfecting kedushah (holiness) in yirat Shomayim [fear of the Heavens].” (11 Corinthians 6:14-7:1 OJB- definitions mine)

Holiness is setting ourselves apart from all that would cause the Sh’kinyah of YHWH to withdraw from our spirit. It is the Torah that calls us away from the unclean, the idols/false mighty ones, the unbelief, the darkness and wickedness. It is Torah that instructs us what sin is.

“Everyone practicing chet [sin] also does averah [transgression], and chet [sin] is averah al HaTorah [transgression of The Torah].” (Yochanon Aleph/1 John 3:4 OJB- definitions mine)

How can we say we no longer need the Torah? It is through the Torah that YHWH brings our hearts into the stark light of His holiness. There where nothing is hidden, we can see as the Ruach HaKodesh instructs us about what YHWH calls sin. Our hearts fall before him in brokenness. The Torah finds its mark as the Ruach convicts and convinces us of sin, righteousness and judgment. (Yochanon/John 16:8) How is it that we can say we need to hear the Scriptures about faith, healing, prayer…etc.  so we can have trusting faithfulness to receive these things, but we don’t need to hear YHWH’s Word on sin? How will we know what sin is? Some would say, Well I have the Holy Spirit to give me discernment.  While that is true, the danger is in the fact that this type of reliance is very subjective. YHWH’s Word does not change. The Torah is constant. It is completely objective and not subject to our own discretions. Look at how much shame and sorrow has come over these many years with preachers, in very high profile positions, who have fallen into such gross and terrible sin. The Name of YHWH desecrated. Their lives, families and ministries lost. Why? This sinful behavior is not only in the leaders, it is rampant among the followers too. Why? Because we have thrown away YHWH’s plumb line. Everything has become relative. There are no absolutes. It’s all about grace and love. One thing is sure. YHWH will not dwell where there is sin. If we have learned anything in this Torah parasha it is what draws YHWH to dwell in us is the presence of His Torah. The Messianic Scriptures which testify to the ReNewed Covenant is not in opposition to the Torah. The Torah is its very root! It is because we have been out lost among the nations, learned the pagan ways and practices of these people, and then tried to incorporate those same ways of darkness into our worship of YHWH. Baruch HaShem! He has opened our eyes again to His Torah. Baruch HaShem! He is calling us to repent and return to the ways of His ancient paths where we can once again find rest for our souls. (see Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 6:16)

The ReNewed Covenant, Torah, And YHWH’s Presence

Much is made of the so-called New Testament promise of YHWH dwelling among His people. But as we have learned in our parasha this week, what draws YHWH to dwell among His people is His Torah. Today, as the Messianic Scriptures testify to the ReNewed Covenant it is no different. The only difference is that the promise made by the Messianic Scriptures in promise of the ReNewed Covenant, Torah is no longer on stone tablets. It has been placed by YHWH in the inward parts…the spirit….the heart. Then He promises to write [which is a process] it on our hearts.

“But this shall be the Brit [Covenant] that I will cut with Bais Yisroel [the House of Yisrael] After those days, saithHashem [YHWH], I will set My Torah in them inwardly, and I will write ketuvim [writings] on their hearts; and I will be their Elohim [Mighty One], and they shall be My People.” (Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 31:33 OJB- definitions mine)

The Torah of YHWH is now within the Most Holy Place of each Yisraelite’s spirit. However, it is from within that YHWH by the Ruach HaKodesh will engrave [lit. Heb. kathab] His Torah upon the heart. This engraving is a process. It does not occur automatically.  Just as the finger of YHWH wrote with fire upon the tablets of stone, so that same finger will engrave YHWH’s Torah through the fiery process of our trials and sufferings of obedience upon the fleshly tables of our heart. Thus you have Rav Sha’ul’s words to the Philippians that also echo the words we looked at above to the Corinthians,

Therefore, Chaverim [Friends], just as you have always had mishma’at (obedience 2:8)concerning me, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own Yeshu’ah (Salvation)” (Philippians 2:13 OJB- emphasis/definitions mine)

The Torah within our hearts is what draws YHWH to dwell within us by His Ruach HaKodesh. What is that Torah? It is the Ruach Mashiach, the indwelling of the Living Torah Himself, Mashiach Yeshuah (see Romans 8:9) by the indwelling of the Rauch HaKodesh/Holy Spirit.  It is our continual pressing into obedience in love to pursue YHWH’s commandments [the suffering of obedience Ivrim/Hebrews 5:8] that causes the Torah to be written on our hearts. We walk out our salvation by allowing the spirit of holiness to continuously move out from our spirit, to our souls, and to our body. The most fearful thing that the church of Christendom has done is to reject and remove the Torah from the heart. We are removing the thing that draws YHWH to dwell within us. The danger is the opposite of Torah obedience is torahlessness or more clearly, it is to be found working iniquity. We may still get results. Miracles may still happen. However there is a fearful pronouncement awaiting those in this position.

“Not all the ones saying to me, Adoneinu, Adoneinu, [Our Lord, Our Lord] will enter the Malchut HaShomayim [the Kingdom of the Heavens], but the one doing the ratzon Avi shba-Shomayim (the will of my Father in Heaven).

Many [messianic darshanim- preachers] will say to me [Moshiach] on that Day [the Yom HaDin, the Day of Judgment], Adoneinu, Adoneinu [Our Lord, Our Lord] did we not speak as neviim [prophets] in your Name? Did we not cast out shedim (evil spirits, demons) in your Name? Did we not accomplish many niflaot (miracles) in your Name?

And then I will tell them to their face, I NEVER HAD DA’AS [had intimate knowledge] of you. Depart from me, you workers of mufkarut (lawlessness/torahlessness).” (Mattityahu/Matthew 7:21-23 OJB- definition mine)

Final Word Of Exhortation

In this wonderful hour of the restoration of the Whole House of Yisrael, now as never before we must guard the Torah of YHWH in our heart. It is what will keep His presence real and vital in these perilous hours of these last of the Last Days. We do not trust in Torah obedience for our eternal salvation. We put our trusting faithfulness in the finished work of our blessed Master Yeshua for that. But, having come by faith, now we must get on with the business of working out our salvation so that our whole being, spirit, soul, and body may benefit. Mashiach is coming! But He is coming for a Bride adorned with the beauty of the spirit of holiness. As Jan O’Dell says, The Bride of Mashiach must be a Torah pursuant Bride. This is the only Bride who knows YHWH’s standard of holiness, and knows how to let the Rauch HaKodesh apply the Torah to our lives so as to remove the spots, wrinkles and blemishes. May we remember the words of our blessed Rebbe, and guard YHWH’s Torah always with our heart with love,

“If you have ahavah [love] for me, you will be shomer [guarding/keeping] regarding my commandments.” (Yochanon/John 14:15 OJB- definitions mine)

Chaverim [Friends], now yeladim [children] of Elohim [The Mighty One] we are, and not yet it is niglah (is revealed) what we will be. We have da’as [knowledge] that when He is niglah [revealed], like Him we will be, because we will seeHim as He is.” (Yochanon Aleph/1 John 3:2 OJB- definitions mine)