When once we begin to understand the significance of the split of the house of Yisrael into two separate kingdoms, then we are within reach of a quite profound key to understanding biblical prophecy. After the time period of 921 B.C. the TaNaKh/Hebrew Scriptures almost never refers to the two kingdoms of Yisrael together. The Northern Kingdom or house is made up of 10 tribes. It keeps the moniker Yisrael, but is also known as the house of Yosef-Ephraim. In the writings of the Nevi’im/Prophets and the Ketuvim/Historical and Poetic sefirot/books of the TaNaKh/Hebrew Scriptures, after the 12th chapter of Divrey HaYamin Alef/1 Chronicles, Yisrael is always in reference to the tribes of the Northern Kingdom. The Southern Kingdom or house is made up of 2 tribes…Yehudah-Judah/Benyamin-Benjamin. It is where we get the term Jew and Jewish from. Remembering these facts helps keep who these writings are referring to straight.
Therefore, one of the main thoughts we have come to see from this split is: 1) You can be Jewish and be a Yisraelite, and 2) You can also be Non-Jewish and also be a Yisraelite. As we saw in our last lesson, the split in the Kingdom of Yisrael, essentially utilizing the house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael, became YHWH’s means to achieving the promise of physical multiplicity given to Abraham, Yitz’chak/Isaac, and Ya’akob/Jacob. This is why, when the split happened, and the men of Yehudah/Judah were on their way up to quell the rebellion, YHWH sent the navi/prophet Shemayah/Shemaiah to stop them saying “this thing is from Me.” (M’lechim Alef/1 Kings 12:24)
Due to the subsequent penchant of the Northern kingdom’s drive toward paganism, idolatry, and sexual uncleanness, they were taken captive into the nation of Assyria in three different dispersions beginning shortly after 740 BCE, 734 BCE, and 722 BCE In time, after being assimilated into the conglomerate of conquered nations to which Assyria had become, these northern non-Jewish Yisraelites became lost to their identity. The term lost refers only to their own sense of identity. YHWH NEVER lost them. We know this from a verse in Amos,
For, hinei/behold, I will command, and I will sift Bais Yisroel/House of Yisrael– the Northern house/Yosef-Ephraim among all Goyim/Nations, like as grain is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon ha’aretz/the land. (Amos 9:9 OJB- definitions mine)
We will now take a look into the prophetic book of Hoshea/Hosea. This book will help set our understanding for seeing how this split of the nation of Yisrael into two houses and kingdoms are actually referred to within the writings of the Ketuvim HaNotzrim/Messianic Writings. (Matthew to Revelation) *[Again for clarification, the house of Yisrael aka Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael, is also referred to singularly as Ephraim in the writings of the Nevi’im/Prophets and historical/poetic sefirot/books. In this sense, Ephraim is both a corporate moniker used in Scripture to identify the ten tribes of the Northern Kingdom. It is also the name of one of those ten tribes. In like manner, the same is true of Yehudah/Judah. It is both a means of identifying the corporate house of the Southern Kingdom, as well as the name used to identify the individual tribe of the same name.]
The Book Of Hoshea/Hosea The Navi/Prophet
The book of Hoshea/Hosea was written to speak to the judgment that was about to come upon the house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael, the Northern Kingdom. It covers the history of this corporate house and its progression into paganism, idolatry, and sexual uncleanness. Further, it reveals their demise into obscurity through assimilation into the nations, and their ultimate regathering. You will be surprised when once your eyes are opened to the Word of YHWH to this other house of Yisrael, how many references are contained within the Messianic Writings. Both Rebbe Yeshua in the Besorot/Gospels and the other writers of the sefirot/books of the Messianic Writings were quite aware of the things which we are looking into today. In fact, one of the identifying factors of the Mashiach is His actual regathering of these lost tribes! Master Yeshua IS fulfilling this call in our day! (Yeshayahu/Isaiah 11:10-16)
The entire first chapter of the book of Hoshea/Hosea is about the prophet being commanded by YHWH to take to him an unfaithful wife guilty of adulteries. It is a picture of the state of the Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael. This corporate house who rejected YHWH has become completely unfaithful to Him. Hoshea/Hosea, after taking Gomer as his wife, she conceives and bears him their first child. He is told to name him Yizre’el/Jezreel meaning, The Mighty One sows. A picture of YHWH’s soon to come judgment on the Northern house in the valley of Yizre’el/Jezreel.1 The Devar Hashem/Word of YHWH that came unto Hoshea, ben/son of Be’eri, in the yamim/days of Uziyah/Uzziah, Yotam/Jotham, Achaz/Ahaz, and Yechizkiyah/Hezekiah, melachim/kings of Yehudah/Judah, and in the yamim/days of Yarov`am ben Yoash/Jereboam son of Joash, Melech/King of Yisroel. 2 The beginning of the Devar Hashem/Word of YHWH by Hoshea: And Hashem/YHWH said to Hoshea, Go, take unto thee an eshet zenunim (wife of whoredoms) and yeladim of zenunim/children of whoredoms; for ha’aretz/the land hath committed great whoredom, by departing from Hashem/YHWH. 3 So he went and took Gomer bat Divlayim/daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bore him ben/son. 4 And Hashem/YHWH said unto him, Call shmo/his name Yizre’el/Jezreel (G-d will sow); for yet a little while, and I will visit vengeance upon Bais Yehu/the House of Jehu for the demei Yizre’el/Jezreel (massacre at Yizre’el/Jezreel), and will cause to cease the Mamlechut Bais Yisroel/Kingdom of the House of Yisrael [See 2Kg chp 9]. 5 And it shall come to pass on Yom Hahu/That Day, that I will break the keshet Yisroel (bow of Israel), in the Emek Yizre’el (Jezreel Valley). (Hoshea/Hosea 1:1-5 OJB- definitions mine)
Next, Gomer conceives again, and bears a second child. Again, the name of the daughter is a prophetic picture of the judgment to come upon the Northern house. The name, Loruchamah/No mercy was to show that the time of YHWH’s mercy was past.
“And she conceived again, and bore a bat/daughter. And G-d said unto him, Call her shem/name Loruchamah (not pitied); for I will no more have pity upon Bais Yisroel/the House of Yisrael; since I have been utterly betrayed by them [1K 2:10].” (Hoshea/Hosea 1:6 OJB- definitions mine)
It would be good to note at this time, while the Southern house of Yehudah/Judah had also become unfaithful, their judgment would be different. They too were taken into captivity into Babylon some 200 years later. Yet, they retained their identity as Jewish Yisrael. After a 70 year period of judgment, a remnant of this house was also returned to The Land of Yisrael. Now having once been weaned, Hoshea’s wife conceives a third time and bears a son. The name of this boy is LoAmi/Not My people.8 Now when she had weaned Lo-ruchamah, she conceived, and bore ben/a son. 9 Then said G-d/The Mighty One, Call his shmo/name Lo-ami; for ye are lo ami (not My people) and to you (plural) not eh’h’yeh (I am, which is ALEFH HEH YOD HEH the common singular form of YOD HEH VAV HEH—HASHEM/YHWH, i.e., to you I am not Hashem/YHWH)” (Hoshea/Hosea 1:8-9 OJB- definitions mine)
The name LoAmi means not My people. This is basically what this Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael had become. A people put away and divorced from their Elohim/Mighty One. (see Yirmeyahu/Jeremiah 3:8) While Yehudah/Judah was also guilty of adultery, idolatry and sexual uncleanness, YHWH never divorced her. In the Torah, when a man who puts away his wife and gives her a Get, bill of divorcement, and another man takes her to wife (see Deuteronomy 24:1-4), then the former husband is forbidden to take her back and marry her again. For this reason, YHWH was required to find another way to accomplish the regathering of the house of Northern Yisrael and remarrying her. *[This is what Rav Sha’ul was speaking toward in the book of Romans chapter 7. It is why Master Yeshua, YHWH in physical manifestation, had to die and be resurrected. By dying, the house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael was released from the marriage covenant which originally bound them to YHWH. By resurrection, YHWH could then be joined again to the house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael through His physical manifestation as Yeshua of Natzaret. This, qualified the Northern house to be restored in marriage to YHWH, and redemptively paved the way for the restoration of both houses to become ONE again!]15 The Devar Hashem/Word of YHWH came again unto me, saying, 16 Moreover, thou ben/son of adam, take thee Etz Echad/One Tree, and write upon it, For Yehudah/Judah, and for the Bnei/Sons of Yisroel his Chaverim/Friends-Companions; then take another Etz Echad/One Tree, and write upon it, For Yosef/Joseph, the Etz Ephrayim/Tree of Ephraim and for kol Bais Yisroel/all the House of Yisrael his Chaverim/Friends-Companions; 17 And join them one to another into Etz Echad/One Tree; and they shall become achadim (one) in thine yad/hand. 18 And when the Bnei Amecha/Sons of your people speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not show us what thou meanest by these? 19 Say unto them, Thus saith Adonoi Hashem/My Master YHWH: Hinei/Behold, I will take the Etz Yosef/Tree of Joseph, which is in the Yad Ephrayim/Hand of Ephraim, and the Shivtei Yisroel/Tribe of Yisrael his Chaverim/Friends-Companions, and will put them with him, even with the Etz Yehudah/Tree of Judah, and make them Etz Echad/One Tree, and they shall be Echad/One in Mine Yad/Hand. (Yechezk’el/Ezekiel 37:15-17 OJB- definitions mine)
YHWH Prophesies Through Hoshea Of The Restoration Of Both Houses
So we have here what is basically the end of the 10 Northern tribes of Yisrael, the house of Yosef-Ephraim. They will no longer be shown mercy by YHWH, and as a result will cease being a recognizable people or nation. However, as horrible as this end is, in verse 10 of chapter one we have this startling statement.
10 [2:1] Yet the number of the Bnei Yisroel/Sons of Yisrael shall be as the sand of the yam (sea), which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are lo ami (not My people), there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the Bnei El Chai. [Sons of the Living G-d/Mighty One (Hoshea/Hosea 1:10 OJB- definitions mine)
Do you remember that promise to the Avot/fathers? Abraham was told to count the stars and the sand of the seashore if he could? That would be how many his zera/physical seed would be. An innumerable multitude! Notice also, that one of the identifying characteristics of this restored people would be that they would call themselves B’nei El Chai, or sons of the Living G-d/Mighty One. Think about it, which people group calls themselves by this very name today? The people who make up what we know as the church of Christendom! That’s right! Much of the house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael, the scattered/outcast tribes of the Northern kingdom, are to be found within what we know as the modern church systems of today! They have forgotten their true Hebraic identity. They are partially blinded to YHWH’s Torah. They have become complacent within a replacement system of religion known as the church of Christendom. But, YHWH has not forgotten them. In this very hour a great move of the Ruach HaKodesh/Holy Spirit is sweeping over the earth. Multitudes within the church system are awakening to the reality of their Hebraic identity. YHWH has promised in His Word that it would happen. It is why you are here reading these words now! Wake up! Come out of your sleep in the replacement systems of religion. You are Yisrael! YHWH is calling to your heart.19 [2:21] And I will betroth thee unto Me l’olam/forever; yea, I will betroth thee unto Me in Tzedek/righteousness, and in mishpat/justice, and in chesed/lovingkindness, and in rachamim/mercy. 20 [2:22] I will even betroth thee unto Me in emunah (faithfulness, fidelity): then thou shalt know Hashem/YHWH. 21 [2:23] And it shall come to pass in Yom Hahu/That Day, I will answer, saith Hashem/YHWH, I will answer HaShomayim (the heavens), and they shall answer Ha’Aretz/The Earth; 22 [2:24] And Ha’Aretz/The Land shall answer with dagan/grain, and tirosh/new wine, and yitzhar/oil; and they shall answer Yizre’el/Jezre’el (G-d will sow). 23 [2:25] And I will sow her for Myself in ha’aretz/the land; and I will have rachamim/mercy upon lo ruchamah/no mercy; and I will say to them which were lo ami/not My people, Thou art ami (My people); and they shall say, Thou art Elohai (my G-d). (Hoshea/Hosea 2:19-23 OJB-definitions mine)
The Restoration Of The Tabernacle Of David In The Latter Days
Now let’s go back up and look at the last verse of chapter one. For there we have a promise of a restored Kingdom.
11 [2:2] Then shall the Bnei Yehudah/Sons of Judah and the Bnei Yisroel/Sons of Yisrael will be gathered together, and appoint for them Rosh Echad/One Head [Moshiach; see Isa chp 11; Hoshea 3:5], and they shall come up out of ha’aretz/the land; for gadol/great shall be the Yom Yizre’el (Day of Jezreel [G-d will sow]) (Hoshea/Hosea 1:11 OJB- definitions mine)
The term Yizre’el/Jezreel is used as a prophetic picture of the replanting of that which was scattered. This is nothing less than the prophesied rebuilding of the Tabernacle of David.
In that Yom/Day will I raise up the Sukkat Dovid/Tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the yamei olam/days of old; (Amos 9:11 OJB- definitions mine)
This is what Ya’akov/James was referring to in Acts 15 when those from among the nations [wrongly referred to in Christian theology as Gentiles] were found coming into the faith through the ministry of Rav Sha’ul. These so called Gentiles were the beginnings of YHWH’s promised regathering of the scattered Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael.
After these things I will return and AKIM ES SUKKAT DOVID HANOFELET VHARISOTAV AKIM U’VENITIHA (“I will restore the tent of Dovid which has fallen and the things having been torn down of it I will rebuild and I will restore it”), (Acts 15:16 OJB)
The Tabernacle of David was established during the only time when all the tribes of Yisrael were gathered together as ONE corporate kingdom under David’s reign as king. What happened in the book of Acts 15 was a precursor to the prophesied regathering of the Whole House of Yisrael in the Acherim HaYamim/Latter Days by the prophet Amos. The Tabernacle of David will again be rebuilt when the Yisraelites from the outcast Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael who have been scattered among the nations, seemingly lost to their true identity and swallowed up, assimilated, are being regathered. They will be rejoined to their elder counterpart, the Southern kingdom/the dispersed house of Yehudah/Judah. When that day begins to happen, please notice the promise of Hoshea/Hosea 2:1,
1 [2:3] Say ye unto your achim/brothers, Ami (My people); and to your achayot/sisters, Ruchamah (Pitied) Hoshea/Hosea 2:1 OJB)
Please notice that the word spiritual is not in this verse. It’s because these brothers and sisters ARE the physical relatives of one another! In the day of Yizre’el/Jezreel, the replanting of that which had been scattered, it will not be a time of building another separate spiritual entity known as the church. No! It will be the regathering and rebuilding of the Whole House of Yisrael. The physical seed as originally promised to our fathers…Abraham, Yitz’chak/Isaac, and Ya’akob/Jacob.
Identifying Who Kefa/Peter Is Speaking To In His Letter In The Messianic Writings
Now with the above thought in mind let’s go and look at the epistle of 1st Peter,
“From: Kefa/Peter, an emissary of Yeshua the Messiah To: God’s chosen people, living as aliens in the Diaspora — in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, the province of Asia, and Bythinia” (1 Kefa/Peter 1:1 CJB- Complete Jewish Bible definitions mine)
The above verse is quoted from the Complete Jewish Bible. It gives a clearer translation than many others as to just who was being addressed by Kefa/Peter. Those whom Kefa/Peter was addressing were said to be chosen people. Did you get that? This will become more profound momentarily. These chosen people were those who were living as aliens (ger in Hebrew; gerim plural- strangers or aliens) in the Diaspora/The Scattering. Were these Jewish believers? This is the assumption of most Christian theologians. However, there are some very peculiar characteristics to what is said that seems to prove otherwise. Look at the verses below.9 But you are an AM NIVCHAR (“a chosen people” YESHAYAH 43:20; SHEMOT 6:7), a MAMLECHET KOHANIM (“a kingdom of priests, royal priests” Ex 19:6), a GOY KADOSH (“a holy nation” Ex 19:6), an AM SEGULLAH (“a people of treasured possession” Ex 19:5; Mal 3:17), for this purpose: that you may declare the wondrous deeds of the One who gave you the kri’ah (calling) and summoned you out of choshech/darkness into his marvelous ohr/light [Isa 43:21; 42:12]. 10 You, who once were LO AMI (“not My people” Hos 1:9) but now AMI ATAH (“My people you are” Hos 2:25), the AM Hashem/YHWH (“the people of G-d/The Mighty One”), the ones having not received rachamim/mercy, but now having received rachamim/mercy (Hos 2:25) (Kefa Alef/1 Peter 2:9-10 OJB- definitions mine)
Do you see it? Kefa/Peter uses the same words that Hoshea/Hosea uses to refer to his readers. Lo Ami…not My people, but now Ami Atah…My people you are. Lo Ruchamah…those having not received mercy, but now having received mercy. As we have seen, the sefer/book of Hoshea/Hosea was written specifically to the Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael. Kefa/Peter would have known this. It would have made no sense for him to use terminology that had no meaning to Jewish believers. The only thing that makes sense is that his readers were those persons from outside the Jewish community who had indeed become believers. Those considered to be outcasts of Yisrael among the nations, but now who have become a part of the believing community. As we have seen, Rav Sha’ul says that these ones, while having been removed from Yisrael and the covenants of The Mighty One, are NO LONGER TO BE CONSIDERED GENTILES, OUTCASTS, BUT WHOLLY APART OF THE COMMONWEALTH NATION OF YISRAEL! (Ephesians 2:11-12) He calls them a chosen people. For just as their Jewish counterparts are considered to be such, by their trusting faithfulness in Yeshua HaMashiach and His redemptive work, they too are considered a part of Yisrael, and to be every bit as chosen. The truth is, the regathering of the Northern house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael had already begun in the days of Kefa/Peter, Rav Sha’ul, and Ya’akob/James. Remember the words of our blessed Master Himself,
But, Rebbe/Teacher, Melech HaMoshiach/King Mashiach said in reply, I was not sent except to the Seh Oveid Beis Yisroel (the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel).” (Mattityahu/Matthew 15:24 OJB- definitions mine)
Remember the moniker house of Yisrael is used to denote the house of the Northern kingdom after the split in 921 BCE. The Gospel/Besorah was not meant just to be an arbitrary proclamation to the world in general of redemption. It was meant to be a world-wide search for the scattered seed of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael! Where else but the world, the Goyim/Nations of the world, are you going to find this seed? Of course the message is also for those who maybe in the truest sense a Gentile, meaning ones who have no connection physically with Abraham. This is why in Yechezk’el/Ezekiel when referring to the Two Houses, the term and their companions is added. Not all who are a part of the Two Houses have a physical connection through Abraham to Yisrael. Therefore, they are in that sense true Gentiles, but when any one comes through the Door of Mashiach Yeshua by faith in His redemptive work, then they are NO LONGER GENTILES! (Ephesians 2:12-19) They are considered Yisraelites having been joined to the corporate community of the commonwealth nation of Yisrael. Even in the Torah there has always been a way for those outside of Yisrael to become a part of YHWH’s people. So, the Gospel gives this right too. BUT…it is first and foremost the Good News of YHWH’s regathering of that which had been scattered.11 And it shall come to pass in Yom HaHu/That Day, that Adonoi/My Master shall set His yad/hand again the second time to recover the She’ar (Remnant) of His people, which shall be left [as survivors], from Assyria, and from Mitzrayim/Egypt, and from Patros, and from Kush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Chamat, and from the islands of the sea. 12 And He shall raise up a nes [a banner, i.e., send a signal] for the Goyim/Nations, and shall assemble the OUTCASTS of Yisroel/Yosef-Ephraim, and gather together the DISPERSED of Yehudah/Judah from the four corners of ha’aretz/the land. 13 The kinah (envy, jealousy) also of Ephrayim/Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Yehudah/Judah shall be cut off; Ephrayim/Ephraim shall not envy Yehudah/Judah, and Yehudah/Judah shall not harass Ephrayim/Ephraim. (Yeshayahu/Isaiah 11:11-13 OJB- emphasis/definitions mine)
Identifying The Approximate Time Of The Regathering Of The Northern House
Now in closing let’s look at the window of opportunity that will mark the approximate time when this regathering is to be completed. To find this approximate time window let’s go first of all to the book of Yechezk’el/Ezekiel4 Next, you are to lie on your left side, and have it bear the guilt of the house of Isra’el [House of the kingdom of Northern Yisrael- the Ten Tribes] — for as many days as you lie on your side, you will bear their guilt. 5 For I am assigning you one day for each year of their guilt; thus you are to bear the guilt of the house of Isra’el for 390 days. (Yechezk’el/Ezekiel CJB- my note) So we see here that the original judgment on the house of Yisrael, the Northern kingdom/Yosef-Ephraim, was to be 390 days. Each day was to be in reality a year in length.
If these things don’t make you listen to me, then I will discipline you seven times over for your sins. (Wayikra/Leviticus 26:19…see also vs.s 24 & 28 CJB)
So if YHWH’s people did not repent when they were under the discipline of His judgment, then He would multiply that period of judgment seven times. The original judgment was for 390 years. The Northern house of Yisrael did not repent. So the 390 years was multiplied by 7…390 x 7= 2730 years.
Now to arrive at the approximate window when this judgment would be lifted and the prophesied regathering would brought to completion you need to use the dates which the Northern house was actually taken into captivity. The first date would be 734 BCE. If you take 734 and subtract it (due to BCE) from the 2730 years: 2730 – 734 = approximately the year 1996 CE or AD. If you begin with the year of the Northern house’s final dispersion 722 BCE/BC and take that away from 2730…2730 – 722 = approximately 2008. These dates are only approximations because of the discrepancies in the Gregorian calendar. Nonetheless, it gives you an approximate time frame when the regathering of the outcast house of Yosef-Ephraim-Yisrael would occur. Beginning with the former date of 1996 CE/AD or the mid 1990’s you find that this was the time when many Hebraic Roots ministries suddenly began to realize that not only did their faith have a Hebraic root, but THEY did too! This began the time when the Ruach HaKodesh began to move to restore Torah to these different groups as they began to see themselves in their true Hebraic identities. YHWH began to awaken the descendants (Heb. dor/generations) of the scattered Northern house/ten tribes among the nations just as He had promised. (see Devarim/Deuteronomy 30) This began and is continuing the movement toward the restoration of the Whole House of Yisrael! (Yechezk’el/Ezekiel 37:15-28)Joe Snipes Yosef Gates To Zion Ministries